Most people know someone who has been diagnosed with cancer; whether a family member, a friend, or just someone they know. Cancer comes in many different forms and some of them don’t even show signs or symptoms until it is already worse. Early detection is important because the earlier cancer is diagnosed; the higher is the success for the treatment. Different factors increase one’s risk of getting this disease. Factors such as age, gender, ethnicity and even lifestyle play a huge role in increasing or decreasing the risk for cancer.
Increased awareness helps a lot in early detection of cancer. Below are the 3 most common cancers across the globe and how they are diagnosed.
Breast cancer is the most common women cancer. In most cases, patients who have this don’t usually feel any symptoms. However, breast cancer manifests physical symptoms on the breast tissue. It could be some lumps, swelling, rash on or around the nipples, or nipple discharge.
It is advised that women should perform a breast exam regularly to monitor the changes in the breast tissue. There is no definite frequency in checking the breasts but many experts recommend checking at least once a month. If you notice any change in your breast, be sure to get it checked by the doctor as soon as possible. Although not all breast lumps are cancerous, it is better to be safe and sure.
On the other hand, prostate cancer is the most common cancer that affects men. Majority of men who are diagnosed with this disease didn’t even feel or experience any symptom at all. Prostate cancer usually affects older men aged 50 above. For men who are in that age range, it is recommended that you should get screened for the disease even if you are perfectly healthy and feel no symptoms at all. Common symptoms of this disease are problems in urination, pain while peeing, blood in urine or semen, and frequent urination especially at night.
Because of the harmful chemicals that are present in the air nowadays, lung cancer has become more prevalent than it was before. The lungs only have a few nerve endings that are why most of the patients don’t really feel pain or symptoms even if they have the disease. However, the signs and symptoms usually show up when the cancer has already progressed much into late stage, lessening the chance of treating it successfully.
The common signs of lung cancer are a persistent cough that worsens through time, weight loss, and chest pain, repeating lung infections, and coughing up blood. If you notice one of these symptoms, it is important that you get checked immediately to see if it is really caused by cancer or another respiratory disease such as asthma and tuberculosis.
Being more aware of the early symptoms of cancer is important to help keep yourself healthy and get treatment immediately just in case you got one of those diseases.